Changes to corporate income tax in 2018
The Ministry of Finance recently prepared several changes in fiscal regulations that apply to taxpayers paying corporate income tax, or CIT. The goal behind the amendments is increasing budget revenue through, among other things, limiting the possibilities of tax optimisation. Polish companies need to prepare for more detailed legal provisions and stricter interpretation of the existing tax rules.
Among the most important reforms is the separation of capital gains and other profits (i.e. profits gathered through business activity). Taxpayers are not allowed to deduct expenses from the entirety of their profits. Capital losses may be written off only against the tax related to capital gains.
The lawmakers also introduced limits with regard to expenses on tax-deductible intangible services (such as marketing, data processing or advisory services), licences, and insurance and guarantees written off as tax expenses of related entities and entities registered in tax havens. The limit is 5% of EBIDTA for expenses exceeding 3 billion PLN. The limit does not apply to entrepreneurs that concluded APAs (advance pricing arrangements).
There is a series of amendments with regard to tax capital groups. The average amount of share capital for companies creating capital groups was decreased to 500 000 PLN from 100 000 PLN. The level of profitability of a capital group was brought down to 3%. Another decrease concerns the amount of direct share of the dominant company in their subsidiaries. All in all, creating a tax capital group is to become easier.
That is not all. The Ministry of Finance introduced a new tax. The new levy will apply to owners of commercial real estate (shopping malls, office buildings, etc.) worth more than 10 billion PLN. The tax rate is 0.42% of the amount exceeding the minimum value threshold. However, taxpayers will be allowed to deduct the expense from the CIT tax.