Poland in UN Security Council
On 1 January 2018, Poland will be appointed as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. One of the most renowned political organisations in the world will open their door to Poland as well as four other new members: Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Kuwait and Peru. The new non-permanent members of the Security Council will serve two-year terms.
The Security Council is a UN body that deals with matters of international peace and security. While the total number of UN member states is 193, Security Council consists of 15 members. 10 of them non-permanent members to the Council, elected through secret vote of General Assembly for two-year terms. To pass a vote, two thirds of the body need to be in favour. The non-permanent states belong to one of four groups: African and Asian States, Eastern European States, Latin American and Caribbean States, Western European and other States.
Witold Właszczykowski, Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs, expressed an opinion that the country’s presence in the UN Security Council will make it more recognisable and positively affect the state’s relations with other countries. Polish Prime Minister Beata Szydło said this is “one more move in good direction”. This is not the first time that Poland gets elected as a member to the Security Council. However, the last time this happened was twenty years ago, in the years 1996-97.
The 5 permanent Council members are China, France, Russia, UK, and USA. Each Security Council state owns one vote. As a non-permanent member, Poland will have no power of veto. Each state member of the Security Council appoints a representative to the body residing in New York (UN Headquarters). The name of the Polish representative has not been announced yet.
UN Security Council is one of six bodies of the United Nations. It was created in 1946.