Employee shortages hit Polish businesses
In the last few years, Polish economy has been going strong and the situation on the job market has been better than good. The official unemployment rate recorded by Central Statistical Office has been staying below 6%. Surveys demonstrate that Polish people feel they do not need to worry about losing their jobs. However, happy times for the working population do not necessarily mean the same for businesses. In fact, numerous companies in Poland have been experiencing employee shortages and find it difficult to fill job vacancies.
The supply of skilled workers and professionals looking for jobs is too low compared with the demand. After Poland’s accession to the EU in 2004 and entry into the common labour market, the country saw and outflux of a great number of people, especially young adults. Emigration completely changed the job market. Average remuneration is rising as absence of good candidates mean higher salary offerings. Additionally, the government keeps pushing the minimum salary up. From the point of view of businesses, this is not great as the labour costs are going up.
The most recent reports indicate that almost 50 percent of the surveyed businesses have trouble finding new staff members. This problem affects all kinds of enterprises, located all across the country. Over 16 percent of companies were forced to hold back investment due to employee shortages. What is more, prolonged recruitment processes are costly.
In this situation, more and more Polish entrepreneurs are interested in hiring people from other countries, especially from Eastern Europe. Today, as much as 20% of companies have employees from Ukraine. The problem is, a citizen of Ukraine can only work in Poland for consecutive 6 months. A majority of employees thinks this this period is too short. Ukrainian workers are of the same opinion. A recent poll shows 73% of them wants to work legally longer than half a year.