Latest Data on Inflation

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The Central Statistical Office has released the latest data on core inflation. The result turned out to be lower than economists had predicted.

According to the latest data from the Central Statistical Office, inflation excluding food and energy prices is 11.5% on an annual basis. That’s 0.1% higher than in November.

Most analysts expected core inflation to be 11.6% in December. The NBP also announced that core inflation excluding administered prices in December last year amounted to 17.1 percent on an annual basis against 18.1 percent in November.

The CPI shows the average price change of the entire large basket of goods purchased by consumers. When calculating core inflation indices, price changes in various segments of this basket are analyzed. This allows for a better identification of the sources of inflation and more accurate forecasting of its future trends. It also makes it possible to determine to what extent inflation is permanent and to what extent it is shaped, for example, by short-term price changes caused by unpredictable factors.

On Friday, the Central Statistical Office presented full data on inflation in December 2022. The brief estimates from the beginning of the month surprised experts. Now the calculations have been confirmed, December inflation amounted to 16.6%.

Along with the final calculations of December inflation, the Central Statistical Office published average annual data. Inflation throughout 2022 amounted to 14.4%. For comparison, the average annual inflation in 2021 amounted to 5.1%.

The most expensive categories of products last year were those related to the use of housing and energy carriers. The price increase in this category amounted to 22.8% by 19 percent.


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